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"At the Trident, Dorne lost 10,000 men and two princes: my uncle in the Kingsguard, and Elia's gallant husband, Prince Rhaegar, who was too slow or too arrogant for Robert's warhammer."
Oberyn Martell[src]

Prince Lewyn Martell was a knight in the Kingsguard of King Aerys II Targaryen, who became known as "the Mad King".[1]

Biography

Background

Prince Lewyn Martell was the uncle of Prince Doran, Princess Elia, and Prince Oberyn Martell, and a great-uncle of Princess Rhaenys and Prince Aegon, Elia's children by her husband, Rhaegar Targaryen, the Prince of Dragonstone. He was also somehow related to Rhaegar himself as well as his siblings, Viserys and Daenerys, and his other son by Lyanna Stark, Jon Snow, as their ancestor Queen Myriah was a Martell by birth, and Lewyn's ancestor, also named Daenerys, was a Targaryen by birth.[2]

A younger son, he joined the elite Kingsguard, forswearing any claim to land and title.

During Robert's Rebellion, at the climactic Battle of the Trident, Prince Lewyn accompanied his fellow Kingsguard Ser Barristan Selmy as they both followed Rhaegar to face the rebel army led by Robert Baratheon. Prince Lewyn perished in the battle, along with thousands of other Dornishmen.[3]

Prince Rhaegar also died in the battle, brought down by Robert's warhammer after an epic duel. Ser Barristan, Lewyn's fellow Kingsguard, was very badly wounded but due to the quick actions of Robert's maester ultimately survived.[4]

Family Tree

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
House-Martell-heraldry
Ruling Princess Martell of Dorne
Deceased
 
House-Martell-heraldry
Consort of the Princess of Dorne
Deceased
 
Lewyn Martell familytree
Lewyn Martell Kingsguard-Main-Shield
Deceased
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Doran Martell family tree
Doran Martell
Deceased
 
House-Martell-heraldry
Mellario of Norvos
 
Elia-family-tree
Elia Martell
Deceased
 
Rhaegar-family-tree
Rhaegar Targaryen House-Targaryen-Main-Shield
Deceased
 
 
 
 
 
Unknown tree
Various women
 
Oberyn-Martell-family-tree
Oberyn Martell
Deceased
 
Ellaria Sand familytree
Ellaria Sand
of House Uller
Mother of 4 or 5 Sand Snakes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trystane Martell family tree
Trystane Martell
Deceased
Rhaenys tree
Rhaenys Targaryen House-Targaryen-Main-Shield
Deceased
 
House-Targaryen-heraldry
Aegon Targaryen
Deceased
 
Obara Sand familytree
Obara Sand
Deceased
 
Nymeria Sand familytree
Nymeria Sand
Deceased
 
Martell bastard
One or two other Sand Snakes
 
Tyene Sand familytree
Tyene Sand
 
Martell bastard
Three or four younger Sand Snakes

In the books

In the A Song of Ice and Fire novels, Lewyn Martell is remembered fondly by his family as a kind man who loved his extended family. The Kingsguard are forbidden to marry or even to love, and in the past several have been severely punished even for having sexual affairs. As per the customs of Dorne, however, Prince Lewyn continued to secretly keep a paramour. Ser Barristan and the other Kingsguard were aware of it but kept his secret, as he did not let it interfere with his duty.

Lewyn joined the Kingsguard in part because he was the younger sibling in his generation of House Martell. He was actually the eldest son, but rule passed to his older sister (mother of Doran, Elia, and Oberyn) due to Dorne's gender-blind inheritance laws, different from the rest of the Seven Kingdoms.

At the Battle of the Trident, Prince Lewyn led the large Dornish contingent (10,000 men strong) which threatened to break Robert Baratheon's left flank. During the fighting he became badly wounded, however, and in the confusion Ser Lyn Corbray led a counter-charge by the rebels, in which he personally dueled and killed Lewyn Martell. The vain and arrogant Ser Lyn would in later years boast about how he had personally defeated Prince Lewyn, though in reality Prince Lewyn was already very badly wounded (perhaps mortally so) and Corbray simply finished him off.

See also

References

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Lord: Heir:
House-Martell-Main-Shield
Seat: Sunspear Lands: Dorne
Title(s): Prince of Dorne · Lord of Sunspear
Ancestors:Princess Nymeria · Prince Mors Martell · Daughter of Mors · Meria Martell · Prince Maron Martell · Princess Daenerys Martell · Queen Myriah Martell
Current members:Ellaria Sand · Tyene Sand · Sarella Sand · Elia Sand · Obella Sand · Dorea Sand · Loreza Sand
Deceased members:Prince Lewyn Martell · Princess Elia Martell · Prince Oberyn Martell · Prince Doran Martell · Prince Trystane Martell · Obara Sand · Nymeria Sand
Household:{Areo Hotah} · {Caleotte}
Overlord:House Baratheon of King's Landing