The military forces of the Seven Kingdoms refers to the armies and naval forces employed within and by the Seven Kingdoms.
There is no single unified Royal Army, although the creation of one has been suggested by King Joffrey Baratheon. Instead, each lord raises his or her own military force as needed (via a levy) and places it at the disposal of their liege, extending up to the King. The result is a hodgepodge of forces, some highly trained and well-equipped, some consisting of little more than peasants armed with sticks. The population and size of each lord's lands also varies immensely, meaning that the size of the forces available to both individual lords and to the Great Houses as a whole can also vary significantly.
There are several standing military forces, however. The Royal Fleet and other naval forces require significant numbers of trained, specialised sailors, and are maintained at readiness at all times. The largest standing ground forces make up the City Watch of each of the major cities. The Night's Watch is arguably the most famous standing army, consisting of almost a thousand men manning the Wall against the threat of a wildling attack. The smallest, but well-known, is the Kingsguard, a force of seven elite knights sworn to defend the royal family.
Known military forces of the Great HousesEdit
House Stark initially raised 18,000 troops to fight in the War of the Five Kings. These have been swelled by the addition of 4,000 troops from House Frey, and an unknown number from the other houses of the Riverlands. 2,000 men were lost (killed or captured) at the Battle of the Green Fork. The Starks subsequently won a significant number of victories, but it is unknown how many men they lost after that. Due to political blunders, Robb eventually loses the support of both the Karstarks and the Freys, who desert the cause.
A significant number of the remaining Stark forces were massacred at the Red Wedding, where the Boltons, the second most powerful Northern house after the Starks, turned on them alongside the Freys in the name of the Lannisters. The scale of the losses remains unclear.
House Lannister initially raised 60,000 men to invade the Riverlands. This army was divided into two roughly equal halves, one under the command of Lord Tywin Lannister and the other under his son, Ser Jaime. Tywin's force defeated the Starks at the Battle of the Green Fork, but this was a feint. Jaime's army was defeated at the Battle of the Whispering Wood and put to rout. A third Lannister army, assembling at Oxcross, was then smashed by Robb Stark's forces. Tywin's army fell back on Harrenhal and then moved to King's Landing to engage Stannis Baratheon's forces. Tywin's army arrived late in the battle and helped rout Stannis's forces. The number of their casualties in the war is unknown.
Renly Baratheon, supported by House Tyrell, raised an army around 100,000 from the forces of both the Reach and the Stormlands and marched on King's Landing with it. When Renly died, many of the Stormlands troops went over to Stannis but others, as well as all of the Reach troops, remained loyal to the Tyrells. After accepting an offer of alliance with House Lannister, they combined with Tywin's forces to destroy Stannis's army at the Battle of the Blackwater. The number of the forces after the battle is unclear at present. It is later mentioned by Olenna that House Tyrell contributed 12,000 infantry, with 1,800 mounted lancers, and 2,000 in support to the Crown. It is implied this represents their contribution to King's Landing, and therefore the Battle of the Blackwater.
After Renly's death, Stannis' army grows several times larger by the addition of Stormland troops formerly sworn to Renly. He takes the majority of his new army to King's Landing, for the Battle of the Blackwater. Before the battle, Matthos Seaworth comments that Stannis possesses 200 ships in his fleet, and that his army has five times as many troops as the Lannister garrison at King's Landing. After the disaster on the Blackwater, Stannis admits to Tycho Nestoris that he's down to 4,000 soldiers and 32 ships (he would have had even less immediately after Blackwater, as Davos had since recruited three minor houses).
The "Royal Army"Edit
The Royal Army is a proposed military force, an idea of Joffrey Baratheon's before he ascended to the Iron Throne. According to Joffrey, the system of feudal levies used in the Seven Kingdoms is both primitive and inefficient. He suggests the formation of a standing, highly-trained army drawn from all corners of the realm. This army would be large, with ten thousand soldiers to be committed from the North alone and presumably similar numbers from the rest of the realm. Queen Cersei Lannister has identified several problems with this plan, such as the difficulties in using such a force to put down rebellions in regions where members of the army might have lived. After becoming king, Joffrey didn't pursue the idea any further.
In the booksEdit
In the A Song of Ice and Fire novels, the armies of Westeros are said to consist mostly of untrained smallfolk, generally young men who would otherwise be working in trades or in the fields. For the most part, they are sent to war with a bare minimum of training, there to just make up the numbers. The various Great Houses differ in how they train and equip their soldiers, with the rich House Lannister noted for giving their soldiers better equipment and training in certain weapons, particularly pikes and crossbows. House Tyrell is said to more rely on overwhelming numbers, having a population almost double that of any of the other regions of the continent.
Mounted knights (heavy cavalry in the case of the North) are expected to undertake the bulk of the important fighting. Knights are noted for spending their whole lives training for battle and usually maintain their own weapons and armor, making them an efficient force for lords to employ. The only permanent military formations maintained in Westeros are the Kingsguard, the Night's Watch, the City Watch of the major cities and the household guards of each lord.
In terms of numbers, George R.R. Martin was asked to approve of a series of figures for the Game of Thrones Roleplaying Game, published by Guardians of Order in 2005. He approved the following figures as the numbers generally believed to be accurate within the Seven Kingdoms, but noted that they did not tell the whole story, as some regions required more time to gather their forces (so Robb Stark could possibly have raised twice as many troops, if he'd had a lot more time to wait and was able to feed them all while they did so). He also noted that some of the figures may have been spread by misinformation, and indeed later confirmed in the text of A Feast for Crows that House Martell had inflated its own numbers so as to appear more formidable than they really were. The following should therefore be taken as a rough guideline only.
- The Crownlands: approx. 15,000-25,000 men and 210 warships.
- King's Landing 's City Watch has 2,000 men (raised to 6,000 men during the events of the novels, though the new recruits are of poor quality compared to the old).
- The lords of Duskendale, Stokeworth, Rosby and other castles can raise between 10,000 and 20,000 more troops.
- Dragonstone and the surrounding islands can raise around 3,000 troops, about 400 of whom would be mounted.
- 50 ships of the Royal Fleet are based at King's Landing. Their flagship is King Robert's Hammer.
- 160 ships (80 of them full war galleys) of the Royal Fleet are based at Dragonstone.
- The North: approx. 45,000-55,000 men, negligible sea power.
- The North has a total fighting potential of around 45-55,000 men. The sheer size of the North means that assembling this force is difficult, and can be severely reduced by agricultural needs depending on the season. There are around four footsoldiers to every one mounted.
- The Northern army that marched south with Robb Stark did not include many Northern Houses and clans due to the logistical issues at the time the war began and certain houses (such as the forces of House Reed) lacked experience in protracted open-warfare. Instead these forces were left behind to guard the North from potential counter-attacks, thus even with the Norths heavy casualties during the war several of their noble houses still possessed relatively intact forces.
- The North's last major fleet was destroyed by Brandon the Burner. Since then the North has had no strength at sea, just a few defensive ships based at White Harbor. During the War of the Five Kings, House Manderly received permission to begin building a major new fleet.
- The Iron Islands: approx. 20,000-30,000 men, 500 longships, 100 war galleys.
- The Iron Islands can raise about 20,000 men, with almost no cavalry to speak of. Most of these men serve as raiders and skirmishers on their ships.
- The ironborn have over 500 ships at their disposal, the overwhelming majority of which are longships, meant for coastal raiding, not pitched sea battles. The major exception is the Iron Fleet, which consists of 100 heavy way galleys dipping 100 oars or more. The flagship of the Iron Fleet is the Iron Victory.
- The Riverlands: approx. 50,000-60,000 men, negligible sea power.
- The Riverlands can quickly summon approximately 50,000-60,000 soldiers, though due to the regions rich agriculture these numbers can be increased at exceptional need which they can support better in comparison to some (such as the Stormlands and Iron Isles) less productive regions were feeding an army is a greater logistical concern. There are three foot to every one horse.
- House Frey can muster about 4,000 soldiers by itself.
- The Riverlands has no major fleet, just a small coastal force based at Seagard to discourage raiding. Barges, skiffs and river galleys can be found on the rivers, however.
- The Vale of Arryn: approx. 45,000 men, negligible sea power.
- The Vale can muster about 45,000 soldiers, with three foot to every one horse.
- The Vale maintains a small defensive fleet at Gulltown.
- Although the Vale may seem weak, it is very good at defense, because of their defensive mountains which shield them from conflicts outside.
- The Westerlands: approx 50,000-60,000 men (including the "dregs" of Lannisport ), 50-70 warships.
- The Westerlands can raise about 60,000 soldiers at need but can be swelled by drafting poor and unfortunates from Lannisport. The ratio of foot to horse is unknown, although Tywin Lannister favors having about two to one. The Lannisters' immense wealth allows them to buy, train and equip the horses such numbers require, as well as hire large numbers of sellswords.
- When invading the Riverlands, the Lannister army is split into 15,000 men under Jaime and 20,000 under Tywin. These numbers are roughly doubled in the show, with both Tywin and Jaime having 30,000 men in their respective armies. Stafford Lannister was also in the process of training 10,000 additional "dregs" at Lannisport, before they were ambushed by Robb Stark.
- The City Watch of Lannisport is extremely well-trained, and constitutes the most disciplined feudal foot levy in all of Westeros.
- The Lannisters also field exceptionally well-trained pikemen, which can wheel on command. Ser Kevan Lannister is known to command the pikemen in battle.
- While the Westerlands cannot out-due regions such as the Riverlands or the Reach in terms of numbers, nor can they quite out match the North or Iron Isles in terms of pure combat experience they are more than capable of out-fielding other forces with the most advanced armour and weapons available.
- The Lannisters command a coastal fleet of between 20 and 30 cogs, galleys and dromonds based at Lannisport, and an additional 30-40 ships based along the coast. Since the Greyjoy Rebellion, the Lannisters have ordered all coastal houses to have naval forces.
- The Reach: approx. 120,000 men and over 300 warships.
- The Reach can muster a well-trained army of 100,000-120,000 men. At exceptional need this number can be raised with figures as high as 200,000 being rumored. Though such a force would be a considerable cost to equip and maintain if ever assembled. The Reach generals prefer a cavalry to footsoldier ratio of two-to-one, but this is not always possible.
- Historically the Reach has been able to outnumber other armies on the continent, but are not quite as well equipped as those found in the Westerlands or possess the hardened battle experience that infantry from other harsher regions such as the Iron Isles or the North possess.
- The Reach maintains an extremely large fleet at the Arbor, under the command of House Redwyne. This fleet consists of 200 warships which can dip 100 oars of more. The Shield Islands, the coastal houses, the Mander lords and the defensive fleet at Oldtown can all increase this number significantly.
- The Stormlands: approx. 35,000 men, negligible sea power.
- The Stormlands can raise about 35,000 men. They have a very poor horse-to-foot ratio, so most of their army is not mounted.
- Despite this, the Stormland forces are well-trained, particularly those based on the Dornish Marches.
- There is a small number of ships based around the coast, although there is a constant threat of storms smashing them apart.
- Dorne: Significantly less than 50,000 men, and negligible sea power.
- Dorne presents itself as being able to raise 50,000 men. A large part of their army consists of spearmen. Their horses are known as "sand-steeds" and are best-suited to light, hit-and-run attacks using horse archers (which Dorne has more of than any other army). Later, it was revealed that Dorne had significantly exaggerated its numbers and military power to appear more formidable than it really was. Doran Martell acknowledged that these numbers were exaggerated by Daeron Targaryen to make his military accomplishments seem greater than they were. The true numbers available to Dorne are not publicly known, although fan estimates generally put them at approx. 20,000-25,000.
- Dorne has very few ships due to the lack of good anchorages along its coast.
- Despite its' lack of military resources, Dorne's desert terrain gives them a great advantage for defensive fighting, as do their elite spear-fighting bannermen and unusual guerilla tactics.