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Liberation of Harrenhal

Red Wedding
Conflict

War of the Five Kings

Place

The Twins, the Riverlands

Outcome
  • Decisive Lannister - Frey - Bolton victory
  • Annihilation of the Northern army
  • Death of King Robb Stark
  • Death of Catelyn Stark
Combatants

House Stark
House Tully

House Frey
House Bolton

Commanders

King Robb Stark

Lord Tywin Lannister (in absentia)
Lord Roose Bolton
Lord Walder Frey

Strength

6,000+/-

Unknown

Casualties

Nigh-complete annihilation, few survivors captured

Light

"The Lannisters send their regards."
―Roose Bolton to Robb Stark, as he drives a dagger through his heart.[src]

The Red Wedding is a massacre during the War of the Five Kings arranged by Lord Walder Frey as revenge against King Robb Stark for breaking the marriage pact between House Stark and House Frey. During the massacre, King Robb, his wife, Queen Talisa, his mother, Lady Catelyn, and most of his bannermen and men-at-arms are murdered following the marriage feast and bedding of Edmure Tully and Roslin Frey.

Prelude

King Robb was lulled into a sense of security by Walder Frey because he had extended Guest right to the Starks - formally eating salt and bread from the same bowl as his guests. To break guest right is to break all the laws of gods and men, thus while Robb and Catelyn were always wary of Walder Frey's intentions, they never thought that even such a despicable man as he would sink so low as to break such a sacred pact.

The betrayal was scheduled to occur after the formal ceremony and Edmure and Roslin safely away in another part of the castle. The exits to the great hall of the castle were barred by Frey's sons. Meanwhile, Roose Bolton and his men were to position themselves around the hall, secretly armed and armored. The signal for the doors to be barred and the men to be positioned was for the musicians to play an instrumental of The Rains of Castamere.

The Massacre

Talisa Stabbed

Talisa is stabbed by Lame Lothar

At Walder Frey's signal, the Northern leadership with Robb Stark gathered in the main hall is fired upon from the balcony by a group of assassins armed with crossbows who were disguised as musicians during the wedding. After the first volley the Northern guests are attacked in the main hall by armed Frey and Bolton men, as the crossbowmen continue to pick off survivors. Some of the Northerners killed by the Freys fall dead into their own meals, which the same Frey men had set their earlier as their guests. Meanwhile, Frey and Bolton men turn on the other Northern soldiers in the camps who had been heavily drinking during the celebrations, taking them completely by surprise.

Roose kills Robb S3 Ep9

Roose Bolton murders Robb Stark

Robb's direwolf had been penned up and not allowed into the castle, as it would have defended Robb during the betrayal. Instead, half a dozen Frey crossbowmen shoot Grey Wind dead while he is trapped inside a pen.

Robb, while wounded with several crossbow bolts, is still able to get back onto his feet. Catelyn Stark desperately takes Walder Frey's eighth wife, Joyeuse Erenford, hostage with a knife to the throat, but Walder glibly refuses, claiming he can simply find another one.

Catelyn dies

Catelyn is killed by "Black" Walder Frey

At this point, Roose Bolton personally kills Robb by stabbing him through the heart while saying "the Lannisters send their regards". True to her word, Catelyn slits Joyeuse's throat and lets out a wail of grief. Catelyn then remains silent, staring at Robb's corpse in shock and utter despair, not reacting as her own throat is slit from behind by Black Walder Frey.[1]

Afterward, as the massacre of the Stark army encamped outside the Twins rages on, the Freys horrifically desecrate Robb's corpse by decapitating it and sowing the head of his direwolf Grey Wind in its place, then parade it around the keep atop a horse; a final act of mockery against the King in the North.[2]

Aftermath

Not only was Robb Stark himself killed in the betrayal, but the entire Northern army that Robb Stark led to southern Westeros is destroyed - save only for those forces of House Karstark which had earlier abandoned Robb to return home, and the forces of House Bolton which turned on the other Northern Houses. Thus the Red Wedding ends the conflict between House Stark and House Lannister in a decisive victory for King Joffrey Baratheon and House Lannister. The War of the Five Kings continues, however, as Balon Greyjoy still fights for the Iron Islands' independence and Stannis Baratheon continues to dispute Joffrey Baratheon's right to the Iron Throne.

Lord Walder has his men capture Edmure Tully out of his marriage bed alive, as Riverrun has not yet fallen to Lannister forces, as Riverrun's own lord is a valuable political hostage to hopefully negotiate its surrender in the near future. As a reward for betraying Robb Stark, Roose Bolton is made Warden of the North, while Walder Frey is given Riverrun.[3]

Brynden Tully had been present for the wedding but fortuitously, he had left the keep to relieve himself on a tree outside before the massacre in the main hall began. He then managed to fight his way out of the assault on the camps and slip away from the Twins during the confusion of the night-time ambush. Roose Bolton ruefully notes to Walder Frey the next day that he has escaped. Lord Walder is dismissive and says he won't get far, but Bolton is clearly concerned that the Blackfish will manage to reach the safety of Riverrun before he can be found.[4]

Participants

Architects and Perpetrators

Perpetrators' victims

Known victims

Robb Wind

Robb's body is desecrated as a final insult to the King in the North

Known captives

Known escapees

Behind the scenes

Author George R.R. Martin reveled that he was hoping to play one of the casualties at the Twins, but his schedule prevented him.[5]

In the books

The Red Wedding plays out somewhat differently in the A Song of Ice and Fire novels. To begin with most of Robb's leading bannermen, prominent members of other major Houses from the North, are all killed in the betrayal. Many of these were secondary or tertiary characters such as Dacey Mormont, Lucas Blackwood, or Wendel Manderly who had become regular fixtures in chapters focusing on the Stark storyline, but could not realistically have all been fit into the limited running time of the TV series. Almost every major noble House in the North loses at least one immediate family member in the massacre. Thus the impact of the massacre is even deeper in the book narrative, because many established characters besides Robb and Catelyn are also killed.

Greatjon Umber was present at the Red Wedding in the books, but Clive Mantle, who played him in Season 1 was unable to reappear for Season 2 or Season 3. Greatjon does not die at the Red Wedding but is taken prisoner. Several Freys enter into drinking contests with Greatjon to try to incapacitate him when the fighting started, but he drinks them all under the table, and is still able to put up a significant fight. It takes eight men to subdue Greatjon and even so he manages to kill one, seriously wound two more, and bite half the ear off another. However Greatjon's son Smalljon Umber is decapitated by Bolton men.

The Greatjon is the only head of a noble House from the North present in the Twins at the time, which is why the Lannisters wanted him taken alive as a valuable political hostage. The heads of three other major Houses are not present for the wedding: Maege Mormont, Galbart Glover, and Jason Mallister. Robb had sent the three to treat with the crannogmen of House Reed to coordinate their plan to retake Moat Cailin from the ironborn and carry a letter naming Robb's heir - as Jeyne Westerling is not known to be pregnant at the time. Lord Jason left the other two to reinforce his home castle at Seagard. Lord Jason's son and heir Patrek Mallister is present at the Red Wedding. The whereabouts of Maege Mormont and Galbart Glover, however, remain unknown.

Brynden Tully is not present for the wedding. Robb had him stay behind at Riverrun to command their rearguard and hold the line of the Red Fork, naming him Warden of the Southern Marches. Brynden is shown leaving the main hall to relieve himself before the fighting starts in the show, however, and in the following episode Roose Bolton confirms that he has escaped, apparently heading back to Riverrun (to bring him back in synch with his book location). It is probable that the TV producers didn't want the audience to suspect that the Freys would betray Robb, which would be unlikely if the entire Stark-Tully family was present. In the books, Robb leaves Brynden and his queen at Riverrun because he is worried that the Freys will exact vengeance for breaking his betrothal, but if this had happened in the TV series it may have made their intentions too obvious. Even so, when Robb actually arrived at Riverrun, his fears disappeared when Walder Frey formally extended guest right to him, as no lord ever breaks such a sacred pact, thus the Freys' betrayal was still a surprise.

Talisa Stark is the first to die in the episode but her book counterpart Jeyne Westerling is also not present at the Red Wedding, having been left behind at the safety of Riverrun with Brynden. Further, Jeyne isn't explicitly stated to be pregnant in the novels. According to Richard Madden (Robb Stark) the reason that the TV series has Jeyne/Talisa die at the Red Wedding is because they didn't want the audience to harbor any romantic illusions about her escaping to give birth to Robb's child who would one day dramatically return to avenge his death. This is one of the fantasy stereotypes that George R.R. Martin himself set out to deconstruct with the series, i.e. the assumption that Robb would live to dramatically avenge his father Ned's death. The TV series wanted to make it clear with the Red Wedding that Robb isn't going to live to avenge his father, nor is Robb's child going to live to avenge him. As Madden said, "I think it was important for her to die because it's a full stop to that train, the story of that army. I think if there was anything left...I think it's more tragic that there's nothing left over from it. There's no possibility that Talisa's in hiding, and she's going to have a baby, and one day that baby will take over as King in the North. I think there's something tragic about it all being cut short instantly."[6]

Catelyn doesn't slit the throat of Walder Frey's young wife Joyeuse Erenford in the books. Instead Catelyn takes Walder Frey's mentally disabled middle-aged grandson Aegon Frey hostage. Aegon is the court fool at the Twins, derisively made to wear a jester's hat filled with bells, which is why he is more commonly known as "Jinglebell". The other Freys cruelly enjoy watching the fool caper and prance about. In their confrontation, Catelyn says she'll trade a son for a son, but Walder points out that Jinglebell is only a grandson and has never been of much use.

The manner of Catelyn's death is also slightly different. In the books, Catelyn is so consumed by grief at the sight of Robb's death that she claws at her face, raking her fingernails across her cheeks until she has carved out long strips of flesh and is bleeding profusely. She becomes so hysterical out of a mixture of shock and grief that she goes half-mad and starts laughing uncontrollably, as the blood from her devastated face "tickles" until ultimately the Freys put her out of her misery by slitting her throat. The TV series' version just has Catelyn stare vacantly in utter, silent despair, not even reacting as Black Walder slits her throat. Another change is that in the books Catelyn's is killed by Raymund Frey, a relatively minor character who is the eleventh son of Lord Walder Frey, his sixth's son by his third wife.

The Frey musicians do not stop playing The Rains of Castamere during the massacre. It was the signal used to Frey and Bolton men throughout the Twins and in the camps outside to begin the attack, thus the slaughter in the main hall began soon after they started playing. Catelyn and many other Northerners instantly realize something is wrong when they start playing "the Lannister song", as opposed to in the TV series where Catelyn sits worried and confused when the Frey musicians start playing it. The musicians continue to play the song loudly as fighting breaks out in the main hall, in order to signal men further away in the camps.

Just as the music starts playing, Catelyn grabs Edwyn Frey by the arm and notices he is wearing chainmail underneath his outer clothing. She realizes this means the Freys are about to attack them, and she slaps him. This was changed to Roose Bolton in the TV version.

Robb's direwolf Grey Wind is let loose during the massacre by Ser Raynald Westerling, the older brother of Jeyne Westerling. He kills three dogs and rips a man's arm off before being brought down by crossbow fire. In the TV version he is mercilessly shot while inside his pen and incapable of fighting back at all, unable to do anything but growl.

Another minor change is that while Arya Stark did arrive at the Twins as the Red Wedding was taking place, the betrayal began slightly before she arrived and fighting was already breaking out in the camps. Arya thus never got close enough to personally witness the death of the direwolf Grey Wind, or her brother's mutilated corpse. In both versions, however, Arya still wants to rush into the castle to try to save her family, but Sandor Clegane knocks her unconscious to prevent her from trying - saving her life in the process, as he realized any attempt to intervene at this point was suicidal.

Another change is that Roose Bolton says "The Lannisters send their regards" in the TV version, but in the books he says "Jaime Lannister sends his regards." This is possibly because the TV producers did not want to give the false impression that Jaime was somehow involved with the Red Wedding, which he was not.

The Red Wedding is foreshadowed in the second book when Daenerys visits the House of the Undying in Qarth and looks into an open room to see a feast of corpses lying down in their own blood and a dead man with the head of a wolf sitting on a throne above them.

See also

References

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