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|name=Robert's Rebellion
 
|name=Robert's Rebellion
 
|image=[[File: Robert's Rebellion.png| 300px]]
 
|image=[[File: Robert's Rebellion.png| 300px]]
|previous=[[Reyne Rebellion]]
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|previous=[[Defiance of Duskendale]]
 
|conc=
 
|conc=
 
|next=[[Greyjoy Rebellion]]
 
|next=[[Greyjoy Rebellion]]
|begin=282 AL
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|begin=281 AL
|end= 283 AL
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|end= 284 AL
 
|place=[[Westeros]]
 
|place=[[Westeros]]
 
|result=*Fall of [[House Targaryen]]
 
|result=*Fall of [[House Targaryen]]
 
*Ascendency of Robert Baratheon to the Iron Throne
 
*Ascendency of Robert Baratheon to the Iron Throne
 
*Exile of the last Targaryen heirs: [[Viserys]] and [[Daenerys Targaryen]]
 
*Exile of the last Targaryen heirs: [[Viserys]] and [[Daenerys Targaryen]]
|battles=*[[Battle of Summerhall]]
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|battles=*[[Battle of Summerhall|Summerhall]]
* [[Battle of Ashford]]
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* [[Battle of Ashford|Ashford]]
* [[Battle of the Bells]]
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*[[Siege of Storm's End|Storm's End]]
*[[Battle of the Trident]]
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* [[Battle of the Bells|The Bells]]
*[[Sack of King's Landing]]
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*[[Battle of the Trident|The Trident]]
*[[Siege of Storm's End]]
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*[[Sack of King's Landing|King's Landing]]
|side1=[[House Baratheon]]
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*[[Showdown at the Red Mountains|Red Mountains]]
*[[House Arryn]]
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*[[Assault on Dragonstone|Dragonstone]]
*[[House Stark]]
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|side1=[[File:Baratheon.JPG|20px|right|link=House Baratheon]] [[House Baratheon]]
*[[House Tully]]
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*[[File:House-Arryn-heraldry.jpg|20px|right|link=House Arryn]] [[House Arryn]]
*[[House Lannister]] (post-Trident)
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*[[File:House-Stark-heraldry.jpg|20px|right|link=House Stark]] [[House Stark]]
*[[House Frey]] (post-Trident)
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*[[File:House-Tully-heraldry.jpg|20px|right|link=House Tully]] [[House Tully]]
|side2=[[House Targaryen]]
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*[[File:House-Lannister-heraldry.jpg|20px|right|link=House Lannister]] [[House Lannister]] (post-Trident)
*[[House Tyrell]]
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|side2=[[File:House-Targaryen-heraldry.jpg|20px|right|link=House Targaryen]] [[House Targaryen]]
*[[House Martell]]
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*[[File:Kingsguard-sigil.jpg|15px|right|link=Kingsguard]] [[Kingsguard]]
  +
*[[File:House-Tyrell-heraldry.jpg|20px|right|link=House Tyrell]] [[House Tyrell]]
  +
*[[File:House-Martell-heraldry.jpg|20px|right|link=House Martell]] [[House Martell]]
  +
*[[Alchemists' Guild]]
 
*Loyalist Riverlords (early stages)
 
*Loyalist Riverlords (early stages)
 
*Loyalist Stormlords (early stages)
 
*Loyalist Stormlords (early stages)
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*Lord [[Eddard Stark]]
 
*Lord [[Eddard Stark]]
 
*Lord [[Hoster Tully]]
 
*Lord [[Hoster Tully]]
*Lord [[Tywin Lannister]]
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*Lord [[Tywin Lannister]] (post-Trident)
|commanders2=[[Aerys II Targaryen|King Aerys II Targaryen]]†
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|commanders2=King [[Aerys II Targaryen]]†
 
*Prince [[Rhaegar Targaryen]]†
 
*Prince [[Rhaegar Targaryen]]†
*Lord [[Mace Tyrell]]
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*Lord [[Jon Connington]], [[Hand of the King]] (exiled)
*Lord [[Randyll Tarly]]
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*[[Wisdom]] [[Rossart]], [[Hand of the King]]
*Ser [[Barristan Selmy]]}}
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*[[Lord Commander]] [[Gerold Hightower]]
  +
*Lord [[Mace Tyrell]] {{Surrender}}
  +
*Lord [[Randyll Tarly]] {{Surrender}}
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*Ser [[Barristan Selmy]] {{Surrender}}
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}}
   
'''Robert's Rebellion''' was a civil war amongst the [[Great Houses]] of [[Westeros]] that took place approximately seventeen years before the TV series began, and lasted about one year.<ref>"[[The Kingsroad]]"</ref> It displaced the royal [[House Targaryen]] and saw most of its members wiped out, with only two survivors who fled into exile across the sea. [[House Baratheon]] became the new royal house after the war's conclusion.
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'''Robert's Rebellion''' otherwise known as '''The War of the Usurper '''was one of the last great civil wars amongst the [[Great Houses]] of [[Westeros]] that took place approximately seventeen years before the TV series began, and lasted about one year.<ref>"[[The Kingsroad]]"</ref> It began just after the execution of [[Rickard Stark|Lord Rickard Stark]] and [[Brandon Stark (Son of Rickard)|Brandon Stark]] by the [[Mad King Aerys]]. It resulted in the ouster of [[House Targaryen]] and the death of the majority of its members. [[House Baratheon]] became the new royal house after the war's conclusion.
   
 
==History==
 
==History==
 
===Background===
 
===Background===
 
[[File:Robert's_Rebellion_Title_Sequence.png|thumb||200px|The title sequence artistically depicts the Targaryen dragon falling to the Baratheon stag, Stark direwolf, and Lannister lion.]]
 
[[File:Robert's_Rebellion_Title_Sequence.png|thumb||200px|The title sequence artistically depicts the Targaryen dragon falling to the Baratheon stag, Stark direwolf, and Lannister lion.]]
[[Aerys II Targaryen|Aerys Targaryen]], the Second of His Name, was the [[King of the Andals and the First Men|King of the Seven Kingdoms]] and the last member of [[House Targaryen]] to sit the [[Iron Throne]]. Nicknamed the Mad King, his reign became increasingly erratic and murderous. As a result, tensions between House Targaryen and several other Great Houses began to rise. A final round of blood-letting, unleashed when his son Prince [[Rhaegar Targaryen|Rhaegar]] kidnapped [[Lyanna Stark]] of [[Winterfell]], saw many Houses in the realm rebel against his rule.<ref name="Rebellion viewers guide">[http://viewers-guide.hbo.com/game-of-thrones/season2/#!/guide/appendix/roberts-rebellion/ HBO viewers guide, appendices, Robert's Rebellion entry]</ref><ref name="Rhaegar viewers guide">[http://viewers-guide.hbo.com/game-ofthrones/season2/#!/guide/houses/targaryen/rhaegar-targaryen/ HBO viewers guide, season 2 guide to houses, House Targaryen - Rhaegar Targaryen entry]</ref>
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[[Aerys II Targaryen|Aerys Targaryen]], the Second of His Name, was the [[King of the Andals and the First Men|King of the Seven Kingdoms]] and the last member of [[House Targaryen]] to sit the [[Iron Throne]]. Nicknamed the Mad King, his reign became increasingly erratic and murderous. As a result, tensions between House Targaryen and several other Great Houses began to rise. A final round of blood-letting, unleashed when his son [[Prince]] [[Rhaegar Targaryen|Rhaegar]] kidnapped [[Lyanna Stark]] of [[Winterfell]], saw many Houses in the realm rebel against his rule.<ref name="Rebellion viewers guide">[http://viewers-guide.hbo.com/game-of-thrones/season2/#!/guide/appendix/roberts-rebellion/ HBO viewers guide, appendices, Robert's Rebellion entry]</ref><ref name="Rhaegar viewers guide">[http://viewers-guide.hbo.com/game-ofthrones/season2/#!/guide/houses/targaryen/rhaegar-targaryen/ HBO viewers guide, season 2 guide to houses, House Targaryen - Rhaegar Targaryen entry]</ref>
   
Lyanna was a prominent noblewoman as the daughter of [[Rickard Stark]], [[Lord Paramount of the North]]. She was also betrothed to [[Robert Baratheon]]. Robert served Aerys as the [[Lord Paramount of the Stormlands]] prior to the abduction. [[House Stark]] and [[House Baratheon]] were the first to protest Rhaegar's actions.<ref name="E1">"[[Winter is Coming (episode)|Winter is Coming]]"</ref><ref>[http://viewers-guide.hbo.com/game-of-thrones/season2/#!/guide/houses/jbaratheon/robert-baratheon/ HBO viewers guide, season 2 guide to houses, House Baratheon of King's Landing - Robert Baratheon entry]</ref> [[Brandon Stark (Son of Rickard)|Brandon Stark]] demanded justice from Aerys in person. Aerys had him arrested for treason and then offered to ransom him to his father Rickard. Aerys summoned Rickard to court and when he arrived publicly executed both father and son.<ref>[http://viewers-guide.hbo.com/game-of-thrones/season2/#!/guide/houses/targaryen/aerys-ii-targaryen/ HBO viewers guide, season 2 guide to houses, House Targaryen - Aerys II Targaryen entry]</ref><ref>"[[Cripples, Bastards and Broken Things]]"</ref> The brutal murder of Brandon and Rickard engendered much sympathy for the rebels and many houses joined their cause.<ref name="Rebellion viewers guide"/>
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Lyanna was a prominent noblewoman as the daughter of [[Rickard Stark]], [[Lord Paramount of the North]]. She was also betrothed to [[Robert Baratheon]]. Robert served Aerys as the [[Lord Paramount of the Stormlands]] prior to the abduction. [[House Stark]] and [[House Baratheon]] were the first to protest Rhaegar's actions.<ref name="E1">"[[Winter is Coming (episode)|Winter is Coming]]"</ref><ref>[http://viewers-guide.hbo.com/game-of-thrones/season2/#!/guide/houses/jbaratheon/robert-baratheon/ HBO viewers guide, season 2 guide to houses, House Baratheon of King's Landing - Robert Baratheon entry]</ref> [[Brandon Stark (Son of Rickard)|Brandon Stark]] demanded justice from Aerys in person. Aerys had him arrested for treason and then offered to ransom him to his father Rickard. Aerys summoned Rickard to court and when he arrived publicly executed both father and son.<ref>[http://viewers-guide.hbo.com/game-of-thrones/season2/#!/guide/houses/targaryen/aerys-ii-targaryen/ HBO viewers guide, season 2 guide to houses, House Targaryen - Aerys II Targaryen entry]</ref><ref>"[[Cripples, Bastards and Broken Things]]"</ref> The brutal murder of Brandon and Rickard engendered much sympathy for the rebels and many houses joined their cause.<ref name="Rebellion viewers guide" />
   
[[Jon Arryn]] was a natural ally to the rebels. He was the [[Defender of the Vale]] and a respected nobleman. Both Rickard's second son [[Eddard Stark]] and Robert fostered with him as children and became close friends.<ref name="Jon Arryn viewers guide">[http://viewers-guide.hbo.com/game-of-thrones/season2/#!/guide/houses/arryn/jon-arryn/ HBO viewers guide, season 2 guide to houses, House Arryn - Jon Arryn entry]</ref> When Aerys demanded that Eddard be turned over to the King's justice, Lord Jon rebelled, calling his banners to war. The rebels forged an alliance with [[House Tully]] through marriage, with Eddard married to [[Catelyn Tully]] and the then-elderly Jon to the young [[Lysa Tully]].<ref name="E1"/><ref name="Jon Arryn viewers guide"/>
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[[Jon Arryn]] was a natural ally to the rebels. He was the [[Defender of the Vale]] and a respected nobleman. Both Rickard's second son [[Eddard Stark]] and Robert fostered with him as children and became close friends.<ref name="Jon Arryn viewers guide">[http://viewers-guide.hbo.com/game-of-thrones/season2/#!/guide/houses/arryn/jon-arryn/ HBO viewers guide, season 2 guide to houses, House Arryn - Jon Arryn entry]</ref> When Aerys demanded that Eddard be turned over to the King's justice, Lord Jon rebelled, calling his banners to war. The rebels forged an alliance with [[House Tully]] through marriage, with Eddard married to [[Catelyn Tully]] and the then-elderly Jon to the young [[Lysa Tully]].<ref name="E1" /><ref name="Jon Arryn viewers guide" />
   
 
[[Stannis Baratheon]] fought for his elder brother Robert during the war. Aerys used his allies in [[House Tyrell]] to besiege Stannis at [[Storm's End]] for much of the war. Stannis's force was rescued from starvation by the smuggler [[Davos Seaworth]], who brought a ship full of onions into the castle.<ref>"[[Garden of Bones]]"</ref><ref>[http://viewers-guide.hbo.com/game-of-thrones/season2/#!/guide/houses/sbaratheon/davos-seaworth/ HBO viewers guide, season 2 guide to houses, House Baratheon of Dragonstone - Davos Seaworth entry]</ref>
 
[[Stannis Baratheon]] fought for his elder brother Robert during the war. Aerys used his allies in [[House Tyrell]] to besiege Stannis at [[Storm's End]] for much of the war. Stannis's force was rescued from starvation by the smuggler [[Davos Seaworth]], who brought a ship full of onions into the castle.<ref>"[[Garden of Bones]]"</ref><ref>[http://viewers-guide.hbo.com/game-of-thrones/season2/#!/guide/houses/sbaratheon/davos-seaworth/ HBO viewers guide, season 2 guide to houses, House Baratheon of Dragonstone - Davos Seaworth entry]</ref>
   
Rhaegar was killed during the fighting at the [[Battle of the Trident]]. Robert slew Rhaegar personally.<ref name="E1"/> The site of his death is now called the [[Ruby Ford]] because it is believed to be scattered with rubies from his armor.<ref>"[[The Kingsroad]]"</ref>
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Rhaegar was killed during the fighting at the [[Battle of the Trident]]. Robert slew Rhaegar personally.<ref name="E1" /> The site of his death is now called the [[Ruby Ford]] because it is believed to be scattered with rubies from his armor.<ref>"[[The Kingsroad]]"</ref>
   
Rhaegar's wife [[Elia Targaryen|Elia]] of [[House Martell]] was kept in King's Landing by Aerys to ensure the Martell's loyalty during the conflict.<ref name="Elia viewers guide">[http://viewers-guide.hbo.com/game-ofthrones/season2/#!/guide/houses/targaryen/elia-targaryen/ HBO viewers guide, season 2 guide to houses, House Targaryen - Elia Targaryen entry]</ref> Aerys was betrayed by his allies in [[House Lannister]].<ref name="Rebellion viewers guide"/> He was slain by his Kingsguard Ser [[Jaime Lannister]]. His final words were "Burn them all."<ref>"[[Lord Snow]]"</ref> The gates of [[King's Landing]] were opened to the Lannister armies and they [[Sack of King's Landing|sacked the city]]. Elia was raped and murdered by Ser [[Gregor Clegane]] during the [[Sack of King's Landing]]. Both of her children were also killed.<ref name="Elia viewers guide"/>
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Rhaegar's wife [[Elia Targaryen|Elia]] of [[House Martell]] was kept in King's Landing by Aerys to ensure the Martell's loyalty during the conflict.<ref name="Elia viewers guide">[http://viewers-guide.hbo.com/game-ofthrones/season2/#!/guide/houses/targaryen/elia-targaryen/ HBO viewers guide, season 2 guide to houses, House Targaryen - Elia Targaryen entry]</ref> Aerys was betrayed by his allies in [[House Lannister]].<ref name="Rebellion viewers guide" /> He was slain by his [[Kingsguard]] Ser [[Jaime Lannister]]. His final words were "Burn them all."<ref>"[[Lord Snow]]"</ref> The gates of [[King's Landing]] were opened to the Lannister armies and they [[Sack of King's Landing|sacked the city]]. Elia was raped and murdered by [[Ser]] [[Gregor Clegane]] during the [[Sack of King's Landing]]. Both of her children were also killed.<ref name="Elia viewers guide" />
   
Robert claimed the [[Iron Throne]] because he started the war and killed Prince Rhaegar personally.<ref name="Rhaegar viewers guide"/> Robert also had the best claim to the throne as a result of being related to the Targaryens of old through his mother's side.<ref name="E1"/> The other leaders of the rebels both refused the throne. Robert was devastated by Lyanna's death but married [[Cersei Lannister]] in thanks for her father joining his cause late in the conflict and delivering the capital of [[King's Landing]] to him.<ref>"[[Lord Snow]]"</ref> Tywin remained the [[Lord Paramount of the Westerlands]]. He named Jon Arryn as his [[Hand of the King|Hand]] while Eddard took his father's role as [[Warden of the North]].<ref name="E1"/> House Tyrell, House Martell and House Greyjoy swore fealty to Robert to retain their pre-war positions maintaining the Seven Kingdoms under their new royal house.
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Robert claimed the [[Iron Throne]] because he started the war and killed Prince Rhaegar personally.<ref name="Rhaegar viewers guide" /> Robert also had the best claim to the throne as a result of being related to the Targaryens of old through his mother's side.<ref name="E1" /> The other leaders of the rebels both refused the throne. Robert was devastated by Lyanna's death but married [[Cersei Lannister]] in thanks for her father joining his cause late in the conflict and delivering the capital of [[King's Landing]] to him.<ref>"[[Lord Snow]]"</ref> Tywin remained the [[Lord Paramount of the Westerlands]]. He named Jon Arryn as his [[Hand of the King|Hand]] while Eddard took his father's role as [[Warden of the North]].<ref name="E1" /> House Tyrell, House Martell and House Greyjoy swore fealty to Robert to retain their pre-war positions, maintaining the Seven Kingdoms under their new royal house.
   
Queen [[Rhaella Targaryen|Rhaella]] fled to the Targaryen's ancestral seat on the island of [[Dragonstone]]. She was accompanied by her son [[Viserys Targaryen]] and was pregnant. Rhaella died soon after giving birth to [[Daenerys Targaryen]]. The children were taken into exile in the [[Free Cities]], by loyal retainers.<ref name="Viserys viewers guide">[http://viewers-guide.hbo.com/game-ofthrones/season2/#!/guide/houses/targaryen/viserys-targaryen/ HBO viewers guide, season 2 guide to houses, House Targaryen - Viserys Targaryen entry]</ref><ref name="Rhaella viewers guide">[http://viewers-guide.hbo.com/game-ofthrones/season2/#!/guide/houses/targaryen/rhaella-targaryen/ HBO viewers guide, season 2 guide to houses, House Targaryen - Rhaella Targaryen entry]</ref> Stannis went on to conquer [[Dragonstone]] and was made [[Lord of Dragonstone]].<ref name="Stannis viewers guide">[http://viewers-guide.hbo.com/game-of-thrones/season2/#!/guide/houses/sbaratheon/stannis-baratheon HBO viewers guide, season 2 guide to houses, House Baratheon of Dragonstone - Stannis Baratheon entry]</ref>
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Queen [[Rhaella Targaryen|Rhaella]] fled to the Targaryen's ancestral seat on the island of [[Dragonstone]]. She was accompanied by her son [[Viserys Targaryen]]and was pregnant. Rhaella died soon after giving birth to [[Daenerys Targaryen]]. The children were taken into exile in the [[Free Cities]] by loyal retainers.<ref name="Viserys viewers guide">[http://viewers-guide.hbo.com/game-ofthrones/season2/#!/guide/houses/targaryen/viserys-targaryen/ HBO viewers guide, season 2 guide to houses, House Targaryen - Viserys Targaryen entry]</ref><ref name="Rhaella viewers guide">[http://viewers-guide.hbo.com/game-ofthrones/season2/#!/guide/houses/targaryen/rhaella-targaryen/ HBO viewers guide, season 2 guide to houses, House Targaryen - Rhaella Targaryen entry]</ref> Stannis went on to conquer [[Dragonstone]] and was made [[Lord of Dragonstone]].<ref name="Stannis viewers guide">[http://viewers-guide.hbo.com/game-of-thrones/season2/#!/guide/houses/sbaratheon/stannis-baratheon HBO viewers guide, season 2 guide to houses, House Baratheon of Dragonstone - Stannis Baratheon entry]</ref>
   
 
==In the books==
 
==In the books==
 
In the ''[[A Song of Ice and Fire]]'' novels, this civil war took place between sixteen and fourteen years before the beginning of the novels. In the books the conflict is also called the '''War of the Usurper''' by Targaryen loyalists.
 
In the ''[[A Song of Ice and Fire]]'' novels, this civil war took place between sixteen and fourteen years before the beginning of the novels. In the books the conflict is also called the '''War of the Usurper''' by Targaryen loyalists.
   
The war was sparked when Prince [[Rhaegar Targaryen]] kidnapped [[Lyanna Stark]]. When [[Rickard Stark|Lyanna's father]] and [[Brandon Stark (the elder)|eldest brother]] protested this act to King [[Aerys II Targaryen]], the Mad King had them both killed in front of the entire Royal Court. Aerys then called for the heads of Lyanna's betrothed, [[Robert Baratheon]], and her second brother [[Eddard Stark]], who were under the care of [[Jon Arryn]]. Lord Arryn raised his banners in rebellion against these unjust acts and sent Robert and Eddard back to their lands to rally their men.
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The war was sparked when Prince [[Rhaegar Targaryen]] allegedly kidnapped [[Lyanna Stark]]. When [[Rickard Stark|Lyanna's father]] and [[Brandon Stark (the elder)|eldest brother]] protested this act to King [[Aerys II Targaryen]], the Mad King had them both killed in front of the entire Royal Court. Aerys then called for the heads of Lyanna's betrothed, [[Robert Baratheon]], and her second brother [[Eddard Stark]], who were under the care of [[Jon Arryn]]. Lord Arryn raised his banners in rebellion against these unjust acts and sent Robert and Eddard back to their lands to rally their men.
   
 
[[House Tully]] joined Robert's side after Eddard and Jon married [[Catelyn Stark|Catelyn]] and [[Lysa Arryn|Lysa]] Tully, respectively, whilst [[House Tyrell]] and [[House Martell]] supported the Targaryens. While House Tully did support Robert, the always fractious lords of the Riverlands were heavily divided in the war, and many stayed loyal to the Targaryens. [[House Lannister]] sat out most of the war, only entering - on Robert's side - after Robert killed Rhaegar and his victory was a foregone conclusion. It is never stated which side [[House Greyjoy]] was on, but it is possible that they did not fight at all and remained neutral, saving their strength for their failed attempt to secede outright from the realm a few years later in the [[Greyjoy Rebellion]].
 
[[House Tully]] joined Robert's side after Eddard and Jon married [[Catelyn Stark|Catelyn]] and [[Lysa Arryn|Lysa]] Tully, respectively, whilst [[House Tyrell]] and [[House Martell]] supported the Targaryens. While House Tully did support Robert, the always fractious lords of the Riverlands were heavily divided in the war, and many stayed loyal to the Targaryens. [[House Lannister]] sat out most of the war, only entering - on Robert's side - after Robert killed Rhaegar and his victory was a foregone conclusion. It is never stated which side [[House Greyjoy]] was on, but it is possible that they did not fight at all and remained neutral, saving their strength for their failed attempt to secede outright from the realm a few years later in the [[Greyjoy Rebellion]].
   
The rebellion climaxed with the [[Battle of the Trident]], when the rebel armies destroyed the royalist host and killed Prince Rhaegar. Lannister forces, apparently having decided to support the king, arrived at [[King's Landing]] to help defend the capital, but then turned on the Targaryens, brutally sacking the city and killing King [[Aerys II]] and Rhaegar's children. Aerys' other heirs, [[Viserys Targaryen|Viserys]] and [[Daenerys|Daenerys Targaryen]], were spirited to safety across the sea by Targaryen loyalists before the garrison of Dragonstone (where the two children were being kept for their safety) could hand them over to Robert Baratheon . House Tyrell, whose main force had been held up in a lengthy siege at [[Storm's End]], proclaimed loyalty to Robert soon after the sacking of King's Landing when Eddard Stark arrived with an army to relieve the siege.
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The rebellion climaxed with the [[Battle of the Trident]], when the rebel armies destroyed the royalist host and killed Prince Rhaegar. Lannister forces, apparently having decided to support the king, arrived at [[King's Landing]] to help defend the capital, but then turned on the Targaryens, brutally sacking the city and killing King [[Aerys II]] and Rhaegar's children. Aerys' other heirs, [[Viserys Targaryen|Viserys]] and [[Daenerys|Daenerys Targaryen]], were spirited to safety across the sea by Targaryen loyalists before the garrison of Dragonstone (where the two children were being kept for their safety) could hand them over to Robert Baratheon. House Tyrell, whose main force had been held up in a lengthy siege at [[Storm's End]], proclaimed loyalty to Robert soon after the sacking of King's Landing when Eddard Stark arrived with an army to relieve the siege.
   
 
In the aftermath of the war it was discovered that Lyanna Stark had died, so Robert married [[Cersei Lannister]] in thanks for her father delivering him victory and to secure an alliance between the two houses.
 
In the aftermath of the war it was discovered that Lyanna Stark had died, so Robert married [[Cersei Lannister]] in thanks for her father delivering him victory and to secure an alliance between the two houses.
   
[[Elia Martell]]'s brutal murder by the Lannisters during the Sack of King's Landing earned them the lasting enmity of the Martells. As a result of Elia's unnecessary and easily avoidable murder, Dorne became a hotbed of pro-Targaryen sentiment and it took lengthy negotiations on the part of Jon Arryn for them to grudgingly swear fealty to Robert.
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[[Elia Martell]]'s brutal murder by the Lannisters during the [[Sack of King's Landing]] earned them the lasting enmity of the Martells. As a result of Elia's unnecessary and easily avoidable murder, [[Dorne]] became a hotbed of pro-Targaryen sentiment and it took lengthy negotiations on the part of Jon Arryn for them to grudgingly swear fealty to Robert.
   
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
* [http://awoiaf.westeros.org/index.php/Robert%27s_Rebellion Robert's Rebellion at A Wiki of Ice and Fire] (MAJOR spoilers from the books)
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* {{AWOIAF}} (MAJOR spoilers from the books)
   
 
==References==
 
==References==

Latest revision as of 22:19, July 21, 2014

Previous

Defiance of Duskendale

Next

Greyjoy Rebellion

Robert's Rebellion
Robert's Rebellion
Beginning

281 AL

End

284 AL

Place:

Westeros

Outcome:
Combatants
Baratheon
House Baratheon
House-Targaryen-heraldry
House Targaryen


Leaders

Lord Robert Baratheon

King Aerys II Targaryen


Battles

Robert's Rebellion otherwise known as The War of the Usurper was one of the last great civil wars amongst the Great Houses of Westeros that took place approximately seventeen years before the TV series began, and lasted about one year.[1] It began just after the execution of Lord Rickard Stark and Brandon Stark by the Mad King Aerys. It resulted in the ouster of House Targaryen and the death of the majority of its members. House Baratheon became the new royal house after the war's conclusion.

HistoryEdit

BackgroundEdit

Robert's Rebellion Title Sequence

The title sequence artistically depicts the Targaryen dragon falling to the Baratheon stag, Stark direwolf, and Lannister lion.

Aerys Targaryen, the Second of His Name, was the King of the Seven Kingdoms and the last member of House Targaryen to sit the Iron Throne. Nicknamed the Mad King, his reign became increasingly erratic and murderous. As a result, tensions between House Targaryen and several other Great Houses began to rise. A final round of blood-letting, unleashed when his son Prince Rhaegar kidnapped Lyanna Stark of Winterfell, saw many Houses in the realm rebel against his rule.[2][3]

Lyanna was a prominent noblewoman as the daughter of Rickard Stark, Lord Paramount of the North. She was also betrothed to Robert Baratheon. Robert served Aerys as the Lord Paramount of the Stormlands prior to the abduction. House Stark and House Baratheon were the first to protest Rhaegar's actions.[4][5] Brandon Stark demanded justice from Aerys in person. Aerys had him arrested for treason and then offered to ransom him to his father Rickard. Aerys summoned Rickard to court and when he arrived publicly executed both father and son.[6][7] The brutal murder of Brandon and Rickard engendered much sympathy for the rebels and many houses joined their cause.[2]

Jon Arryn was a natural ally to the rebels. He was the Defender of the Vale and a respected nobleman. Both Rickard's second son Eddard Stark and Robert fostered with him as children and became close friends.[8] When Aerys demanded that Eddard be turned over to the King's justice, Lord Jon rebelled, calling his banners to war. The rebels forged an alliance with House Tully through marriage, with Eddard married to Catelyn Tully and the then-elderly Jon to the young Lysa Tully.[4][8]

Stannis Baratheon fought for his elder brother Robert during the war. Aerys used his allies in House Tyrell to besiege Stannis at Storm's End for much of the war. Stannis's force was rescued from starvation by the smuggler Davos Seaworth, who brought a ship full of onions into the castle.[9][10]

Rhaegar was killed during the fighting at the Battle of the Trident. Robert slew Rhaegar personally.[4] The site of his death is now called the Ruby Ford because it is believed to be scattered with rubies from his armor.[11]

Rhaegar's wife Elia of House Martell was kept in King's Landing by Aerys to ensure the Martell's loyalty during the conflict.[12] Aerys was betrayed by his allies in House Lannister.[2] He was slain by his Kingsguard Ser Jaime Lannister. His final words were "Burn them all."[13] The gates of King's Landing were opened to the Lannister armies and they sacked the city. Elia was raped and murdered by Ser Gregor Clegane during the Sack of King's Landing. Both of her children were also killed.[12]

Robert claimed the Iron Throne because he started the war and killed Prince Rhaegar personally.[3] Robert also had the best claim to the throne as a result of being related to the Targaryens of old through his mother's side.[4] The other leaders of the rebels both refused the throne. Robert was devastated by Lyanna's death but married Cersei Lannister in thanks for her father joining his cause late in the conflict and delivering the capital of King's Landing to him.[14] Tywin remained the Lord Paramount of the Westerlands. He named Jon Arryn as his Hand while Eddard took his father's role as Warden of the North.[4] House Tyrell, House Martell and House Greyjoy swore fealty to Robert to retain their pre-war positions, maintaining the Seven Kingdoms under their new royal house.

Queen Rhaella fled to the Targaryen's ancestral seat on the island of Dragonstone. She was accompanied by her son Viserys Targaryen, and was pregnant. Rhaella died soon after giving birth to Daenerys Targaryen. The children were taken into exile in the Free Cities by loyal retainers.[15][16] Stannis went on to conquer Dragonstone and was made Lord of Dragonstone.[17]

In the booksEdit

In the A Song of Ice and Fire novels, this civil war took place between sixteen and fourteen years before the beginning of the novels. In the books the conflict is also called the War of the Usurper by Targaryen loyalists.

The war was sparked when Prince Rhaegar Targaryen allegedly kidnapped Lyanna Stark. When Lyanna's father and eldest brother protested this act to King Aerys II Targaryen, the Mad King had them both killed in front of the entire Royal Court. Aerys then called for the heads of Lyanna's betrothed, Robert Baratheon, and her second brother Eddard Stark, who were under the care of Jon Arryn. Lord Arryn raised his banners in rebellion against these unjust acts and sent Robert and Eddard back to their lands to rally their men.

House Tully joined Robert's side after Eddard and Jon married Catelyn and Lysa Tully, respectively, whilst House Tyrell and House Martell supported the Targaryens. While House Tully did support Robert, the always fractious lords of the Riverlands were heavily divided in the war, and many stayed loyal to the Targaryens. House Lannister sat out most of the war, only entering - on Robert's side - after Robert killed Rhaegar and his victory was a foregone conclusion. It is never stated which side House Greyjoy was on, but it is possible that they did not fight at all and remained neutral, saving their strength for their failed attempt to secede outright from the realm a few years later in the Greyjoy Rebellion.

The rebellion climaxed with the Battle of the Trident, when the rebel armies destroyed the royalist host and killed Prince Rhaegar. Lannister forces, apparently having decided to support the king, arrived at King's Landing to help defend the capital, but then turned on the Targaryens, brutally sacking the city and killing King Aerys II and Rhaegar's children. Aerys' other heirs, Viserys and Daenerys Targaryen, were spirited to safety across the sea by Targaryen loyalists before the garrison of Dragonstone (where the two children were being kept for their safety) could hand them over to Robert Baratheon. House Tyrell, whose main force had been held up in a lengthy siege at Storm's End, proclaimed loyalty to Robert soon after the sacking of King's Landing when Eddard Stark arrived with an army to relieve the siege.

In the aftermath of the war it was discovered that Lyanna Stark had died, so Robert married Cersei Lannister in thanks for her father delivering him victory and to secure an alliance between the two houses.

Elia Martell's brutal murder by the Lannisters during the Sack of King's Landing earned them the lasting enmity of the Martells. As a result of Elia's unnecessary and easily avoidable murder, Dorne became a hotbed of pro-Targaryen sentiment and it took lengthy negotiations on the part of Jon Arryn for them to grudgingly swear fealty to Robert.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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