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| Type=Mercantile city-state
 
| Type=Mercantile city-state
 
| Population=
 
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| Rulers=The Archon
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| Rulers=The [[Archon]]
 
| Religion=Mixed
 
| Religion=Mixed
 
| Military=
 
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[[Image:Tyrosh Pin.png|200px|thumb|right|A map showing the location of Tyrosh off the coast of Essos.]]
 
[[Image:Tyrosh Pin.png|200px|thumb|right|A map showing the location of Tyrosh off the coast of Essos.]]
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'''Tyrosh''' is one of the [[Free Cities]] located to the east of [[Westeros]]. It is situated on an island at the eastern end of the [[Stepstones]], an island chain that extends across the [[Narrow Sea]]. According to legend, there used to be a land-bridge linking Westeros and Essos, of which the Steptones are the only remnants. Therefore, Tyrosh is the closest of the Free Cities to Westeros, located not far from [[Dorne]] and the island of [[Tarth]] (off the coast of [[the Stormlands]]).
   
'''Tyrosh''' is one of the [[Free Cities]] located to the east of [[Westeros]]. It is situated on an island off the southwestern coast of [[Essos]], in the [[Narrow Sea]]. It is located at the eastern end of the [[Stepstones]], an island chain that extends from Essos to Westeros, which according to legend used to be a land-bridge linking the two continents. Therefore, Tyrosh is the closest of the Free Cities to Westeros, located not far from [[Dorne]] and [[the Stormlands]] (fairly close to the island of [[Tarth]]).
+
Due to its central location - between Westeros and the other Free Cities, and its proximity to constant wars between [[Lys]] and [[Myr]] in the [[Disputed Lands]] - Tyrosh is often seen as a major world hub for hiring the services of various professional [[mercenary]] companies, to serve in the various conflicts of these different regions.
   
Due to its central location - between Westeros and the other Free Cities, at the middle latitude of the Free Cities between [[Braavos]] in the north and [[Volantis]] to the south, and its proximity to constant wars between [[Lys]] and [[Myr]] in the [[Disputed Lands]] - Tyrosh is often seen as a major world hub for hiring the services of various professional [[mercenary]] companies, to serve in the various conflicts of these different regions.
+
Tyrosh is also well-known for its [[Food and Drink|pear-brandy]].<ref>"[[You Win or You Die]]"</ref><ref>"[[The Wars to Come]]"</ref>
   
 
People from Tyrosh are known as '''Tyroshi'''. Tyroshi are known for wearing bright colors and have a reputation of being insatiably greedy.<ref>[http://viewers-guide.hbo.com/game-of-thrones/season2/#!/locations/tyrosh/ HBO viewers guide, season 2 map, Tyrosh entry]</ref> They speak a bastardized version of [[High Valyrian]].<ref>[http://viewers-guide.hbo.com/game-of-thrones/season2/#!/locations/tyrosh/ HBO viewers guide, season 2 map, Tyrosh entry]</ref>
 
People from Tyrosh are known as '''Tyroshi'''. Tyroshi are known for wearing bright colors and have a reputation of being insatiably greedy.<ref>[http://viewers-guide.hbo.com/game-of-thrones/season2/#!/locations/tyrosh/ HBO viewers guide, season 2 map, Tyrosh entry]</ref> They speak a bastardized version of [[High Valyrian]].<ref>[http://viewers-guide.hbo.com/game-of-thrones/season2/#!/locations/tyrosh/ HBO viewers guide, season 2 map, Tyrosh entry]</ref>
   
 
==Notable Tyroshi==
 
==Notable Tyroshi==
* [[Daario Naharis]], leader of the mercenary company known as the [[Second Sons (mercenary company)|Second Sons]], now sworn to [[Daenerys Targaryen]].
+
[[Image:Daario1.jpg|thumb|Daario Naharis, a Tyroshi mercenary]]
  +
* [[Daario Naharis]], former lieutenant and now captain of the [[Second Sons (mercenary company)|Second Sons]], a sellsword company, now sworn to [[Daenerys Targaryen]].
   
 
==History==
 
==History==
  +
===Background===
  +
Like the other Free Cities, Tyrosh originated as a colony of the [[Valyrian Freehold]], and after the [[Doom of Valyria]] it became an independent city-state during the ensuing [[Century of Blood]].
  +
 
===[[Season 1]]===
 
===[[Season 1]]===
 
Ser [[Barristan Selmy]] tells King [[Robert Baratheon]] that his first kill in battle was a Tyroshi soldier.<ref>"[[Cripples, Bastards and Broken Things]]"</ref>
 
Ser [[Barristan Selmy]] tells King [[Robert Baratheon]] that his first kill in battle was a Tyroshi soldier.<ref>"[[Cripples, Bastards and Broken Things]]"</ref>
  +
  +
The [[Wineseller]] in [[Vaes Dothrak]], who later attempts to assassinate [[Daenerys Targaryen]] with poisoned wine, announces that among his wares is Tyroshi pear brandy.<ref>"[[You Win or You Die]]"</ref>
  +
  +
===[[Season 3]]===
  +
  +
In [[Slaver's Bay]], when Daenerys Targaryen leads her new army of eight thousand [[Unsullied]] to lay siege to [[Yunkai]], to counter her advance the Yunkish hire a mercenary company known as the [[Second Sons (mercenary company)|Second Sons]], who are originally from the Free Cities. One of their high-ranking lieutenants is a Tyroshi named Daario Naharis, who is so smitten by Daenerys that rather than assassinate her, he beheads the other captains and lays them at Daenerys' feet. As the new captain of the mercenary company, Daario pledges the allegiance of the Second Sons to Daenerys.<ref>"[[Second Sons (episode)]]"</ref>
   
 
==In the books==
 
==In the books==
In the ''[[A Song of Ice and Fire]]'' novels, Tyrosh is one of the most powerful of the Free Cities. It is said to dwarf [[Sunspear]] in size. It is reported to be boisterous and loud, with a large harbor guarded by the Bleeding Tower.
+
In the ''[[A Song of Ice and Fire]]'' novels, Tyrosh is one of the most powerful of the Free Cities. Far larger than the Dornish capital of [[Sunspear]] in Westeros, it is a great port with a large harbor guarded by the Bleeding Tower. The city has a reputation for being boisterous and loud, and mercenaries and sellswords are commonly hired in Tyrosh.
   
The people of Tyrosh are called Tyroshi. They love loud and garish colors. They are known for their creation of ornate armor and elaborate torture devices. Pear brandy is an export of the city. Slaves and mercenaries are commonly hired there.
+
Like most of the Free Cities, Tyrosh was founded as a colony of the [[Valyrian Freehold]]. Established as a military fort to monitor and control shipping activity in the [[Stepstones]], the city's real fame arose from a completely unexpected source; the waters surrounding Tyrosh were home to an unusual type of sea snail that produced richly colored dyes when properly treated. Colorful garments soon became immensely popular with Valyrian nobility, and thousands of merchants flocked to Tyrosh to take advantage of the commercial opportunities. The fort grew into a proper city within a single generation, and over the centuries Tyroshi dyers were able to develop a huge variety of different colors through various processes. In the present day, the Tyroshi still have a love for loud and garish colors, often dyeing not only their clothes but their hair in bright, gaudy hues.
   
[[Myr]] and [[Lys]] war incessantly over the nearby [[Disputed Lands]]. Tyrosh is sometimes drawn into these wars, as is the more distant city of [[Volantis]].
+
Tyrosh is also known for its creation of ornate armor and elaborate torture devices. The armorsmiths of the city produce intricate helms shaped like animals and birds and often decorated with precious metals. Pear brandy is the signature drink of the city as well as a popular export.
   
Tyrosh has a volatile history. Like most of the Free Cities, it was once a colony of [[Valyria]]. Following the Doom, it became an independent city-state. However, a century later it was attacked by Volantis, which was trying to reforge the Valyrian Freehold. Having already taken Myr and Lys, Volantis overreached by attacking Tyrosh. [[Pentos]] and the Storm King in Westeros allied with Tyrosh to defeat Volantis, which also lost Myr and Lys due to rebellions and uprisings.
+
Tyrosh is actively involved in the slave trade, with slaves outnumbering freeborn citizens three to one. The Tyroshi are famously aggressive in their search for slaves, even sailing to lands beyond the [[Wall]] to capture [[Wildlings]] for the slave market. 
   
Two and a half centuries later, Tyrosh was attacked and captured by the Band of Nine, nine powerful warlords who were supporting one another in doing together what could not be achieved alone. Alequo Adarys was installed as Archon of Tyrosh. The Band's military strength was broken in the [[War of the Ninepenny Kings]], when the King on the Iron Throne, Aegon V Targaryen, launched a pre-emptive strike before they could attack [[King's Landing]]. Adarys managed to retain control of Tyrosh for six years before being deposed. [[Hoster Tully]], the father of [[Petyr Baelish]] and the young Barristan Selmy all fought in the War of the Ninepenny Kings, Selmy winning fame for his slaying of Maelys the Monstrous, the last of the Blackfyre Pretenders, in combat.
+
The leader of Tyrosh is the Archon, chosen from among a council made up of the city's wealthiest and most prominent citizens. A number of different religions have a presence in Tyrosh; a monument known as the Fountain of the Drunken God is dedicated to the eponymous deity, and the Temple of Trios honors the three-headed god of the same name. The faith of [[Lord of Light|R'hllor, the Lord of Light]], also has followers in Tyrosh (as in many of the other Free Cities).  
  +
  +
The Free Cities of [[Myr]] and [[Lys]] war incessantly over the nearby [[Disputed Lands]]. Tyrosh is sometimes drawn into these wars, as is the more distant city of [[Volantis]].
  +
  +
Tyrosh has had a volatile history. Following the [[Doom of Valyria]], it became an independent city-state. However, a century later it was attacked by Volantis, which was trying to reforge the Valyrian Freehold. Having already taken Myr and Lys, Volantis overreached by attacking Tyrosh. Both [[Pentos]] and the Westerosi [[Storm King]] allied with Tyrosh to defeat Volantis, which also lost Myr and Lys due to rebellions and uprisings.
  +
  +
Two and a half centuries later, Tyrosh was attacked and captured by the Band of Nine, nine powerful warlords who were supporting one another and doing together what could not be achieved alone. Alequo Adarys was installed as Archon of Tyrosh. The Band's military strength was broken in the [[War of the Ninepenny Kings]], when the King on the Iron Throne launched a pre-emptive strike before they could attack [[King's Landing]]. Adarys managed to retain control of Tyrosh for six years before being deposed. [[Hoster Tully]], [[Barristan Selmy]], [[Petyr Baelish]]'s father, and the young [[Tywin Lannister]] all fought in the War of the Ninepenny Kings, Selmy winning fame for his slaying of Maelys the Monstrous, the last of the Blackfyre Pretenders, in combat.
   
 
According to the TV series official [[pronunciation guide]] developed for the cast and crew, "Tyroshi" is pronounced "Ti-ROH-shee". "Tyrosh" is pronounced "Ti-ROHsh", as opposed to "Tie-rosh".
 
According to the TV series official [[pronunciation guide]] developed for the cast and crew, "Tyroshi" is pronounced "Ti-ROH-shee". "Tyrosh" is pronounced "Ti-ROHsh", as opposed to "Tie-rosh".
   
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
* [http://awoiaf.westeros.org/index.php/Tyrosh Tyrosh at A Wiki of Ice and Fire.]
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* {{AWOIAF}}
   
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
{{Reflist|2}}
 
{{Reflist|2}}
{{Essos}}
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{{Regions of the Known World}}
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{{FreeCities}}
 
[[Category:Cities]]
 
[[Category:Cities]]
[[Category:Geography]]
 
 
[[Category:Free Cities]]
 
[[Category:Free Cities]]
 
[[Category:Locations in Essos]]
 
[[Category:Locations in Essos]]
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[[Category:Locations]]
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[[de:Tyrosh]]
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[[fr:Tyrosh]]
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[[pl:Tyrosh]]
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[[ru:Тирош]]
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[[zh:泰洛西]]

Latest revision as of 01:52, March 7, 2016

Tyrosh Pin

A map showing the location of Tyrosh off the coast of Essos.

Tyrosh is one of the Free Cities located to the east of Westeros. It is situated on an island at the eastern end of the Stepstones, an island chain that extends across the Narrow Sea. According to legend, there used to be a land-bridge linking Westeros and Essos, of which the Steptones are the only remnants. Therefore, Tyrosh is the closest of the Free Cities to Westeros, located not far from Dorne and the island of Tarth (off the coast of the Stormlands).

Due to its central location - between Westeros and the other Free Cities, and its proximity to constant wars between Lys and Myr in the Disputed Lands - Tyrosh is often seen as a major world hub for hiring the services of various professional mercenary companies, to serve in the various conflicts of these different regions.

Tyrosh is also well-known for its pear-brandy.[1][2]

People from Tyrosh are known as Tyroshi. Tyroshi are known for wearing bright colors and have a reputation of being insatiably greedy.[3] They speak a bastardized version of High Valyrian.[4]

Notable TyroshiEdit

Daario1

Daario Naharis, a Tyroshi mercenary

HistoryEdit

BackgroundEdit

Like the other Free Cities, Tyrosh originated as a colony of the Valyrian Freehold, and after the Doom of Valyria it became an independent city-state during the ensuing Century of Blood.

Season 1Edit

Ser Barristan Selmy tells King Robert Baratheon that his first kill in battle was a Tyroshi soldier.[5]

The Wineseller in Vaes Dothrak, who later attempts to assassinate Daenerys Targaryen with poisoned wine, announces that among his wares is Tyroshi pear brandy.[6]

Season 3Edit

In Slaver's Bay, when Daenerys Targaryen leads her new army of eight thousand Unsullied to lay siege to Yunkai, to counter her advance the Yunkish hire a mercenary company known as the Second Sons, who are originally from the Free Cities. One of their high-ranking lieutenants is a Tyroshi named Daario Naharis, who is so smitten by Daenerys that rather than assassinate her, he beheads the other captains and lays them at Daenerys' feet. As the new captain of the mercenary company, Daario pledges the allegiance of the Second Sons to Daenerys.[7]

In the booksEdit

In the A Song of Ice and Fire novels, Tyrosh is one of the most powerful of the Free Cities. Far larger than the Dornish capital of Sunspear in Westeros, it is a great port with a large harbor guarded by the Bleeding Tower. The city has a reputation for being boisterous and loud, and mercenaries and sellswords are commonly hired in Tyrosh.

Like most of the Free Cities, Tyrosh was founded as a colony of the Valyrian Freehold. Established as a military fort to monitor and control shipping activity in the Stepstones, the city's real fame arose from a completely unexpected source; the waters surrounding Tyrosh were home to an unusual type of sea snail that produced richly colored dyes when properly treated. Colorful garments soon became immensely popular with Valyrian nobility, and thousands of merchants flocked to Tyrosh to take advantage of the commercial opportunities. The fort grew into a proper city within a single generation, and over the centuries Tyroshi dyers were able to develop a huge variety of different colors through various processes. In the present day, the Tyroshi still have a love for loud and garish colors, often dyeing not only their clothes but their hair in bright, gaudy hues.

Tyrosh is also known for its creation of ornate armor and elaborate torture devices. The armorsmiths of the city produce intricate helms shaped like animals and birds and often decorated with precious metals. Pear brandy is the signature drink of the city as well as a popular export.

Tyrosh is actively involved in the slave trade, with slaves outnumbering freeborn citizens three to one. The Tyroshi are famously aggressive in their search for slaves, even sailing to lands beyond the Wall to capture Wildlings for the slave market. 

The leader of Tyrosh is the Archon, chosen from among a council made up of the city's wealthiest and most prominent citizens. A number of different religions have a presence in Tyrosh; a monument known as the Fountain of the Drunken God is dedicated to the eponymous deity, and the Temple of Trios honors the three-headed god of the same name. The faith of R'hllor, the Lord of Light, also has followers in Tyrosh (as in many of the other Free Cities).  

The Free Cities of Myr and Lys war incessantly over the nearby Disputed Lands. Tyrosh is sometimes drawn into these wars, as is the more distant city of Volantis.

Tyrosh has had a volatile history. Following the Doom of Valyria, it became an independent city-state. However, a century later it was attacked by Volantis, which was trying to reforge the Valyrian Freehold. Having already taken Myr and Lys, Volantis overreached by attacking Tyrosh. Both Pentos and the Westerosi Storm King allied with Tyrosh to defeat Volantis, which also lost Myr and Lys due to rebellions and uprisings.

Two and a half centuries later, Tyrosh was attacked and captured by the Band of Nine, nine powerful warlords who were supporting one another and doing together what could not be achieved alone. Alequo Adarys was installed as Archon of Tyrosh. The Band's military strength was broken in the War of the Ninepenny Kings, when the King on the Iron Throne launched a pre-emptive strike before they could attack King's Landing. Adarys managed to retain control of Tyrosh for six years before being deposed. Hoster Tully, Barristan Selmy, Petyr Baelish's father, and the young Tywin Lannister all fought in the War of the Ninepenny Kings, Selmy winning fame for his slaying of Maelys the Monstrous, the last of the Blackfyre Pretenders, in combat.

According to the TV series official pronunciation guide developed for the cast and crew, "Tyroshi" is pronounced "Ti-ROH-shee". "Tyrosh" is pronounced "Ti-ROHsh", as opposed to "Tie-rosh".

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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